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JAPANESE MILITARY FROM 1945-2005

About Japanese Self Defense Force

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Intended to deter attack, repulse a small invasion, or provide a holding action until reinforced by United States armed forces, the ground element is neither equipped nor staffed to offer more than a show of conventional defense by itself. Antitank artillery, ground-to-sea firepower, and mobility were improved and surface-to- ship missiles were acquired in the Mid-Term Defense Estimate completed in FY 1990. The number of uniformed personnel is insufficient to enable an immediate shift onto emergency footing. Instead, the ratio of officers to enlisted personnel is high, requiring augmentation by reserves or volunteers in times of crisis. In 1992, however, GSDF reserve personnel, numbering 46,000, had received little professional training.

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During the mid-1990s the GSDF consisted of one armored division, twelve infantry divisions, one airborne brigade, two combined brigades, four training brigades, one artillery brigade with two groups, two air defense brigades with three groups, one helicopter brigade with twenty-four squadrons, and two antitank helicopter platoons.

The GSDF is divided into five regional armies [the JGSDF uses a term that literally translates as "direction party"], each containing two to four divisions, antiaircraft artillery units, and support units. The largest, the Northern Army, is headquartered on Hokkaido, where population and geographic constraints are less limiting than elsewhere. It has four divisions and artillery, antiaircraft artillery, and engineering brigades. The Northeastern Army and the Eastern Army, headquartered in Sendai and Ichikawa, respectively, each has two divisions. The Middle Army [Central Army], headquartered in Itami, has three divisions in addition to a combined brigade located on Shikoku. The Western Army, with two divisions, is headquartered at Kengun and maintains a combined brigade [Mixed Group] on Okinawa.

There are two types of divisions [the JGSDF uses a term that literally translates as "teacher group"] in accordance with the personnel strength. They are a 9,000-man Division and a 7,000-man Division which are composed of a division headquarters, three to four infantry regiments, an artillery regiment, a tank battalion and other units. The organization of a division is standardized because of its role of conducting systematic defense operations in any part of Japan.

A brigade is a unit combined with various types of forces, including combat units, such as infantry, armored and artillery units, combat support units and logistical support units. It is a regionally independent and permanent entity. Though its function is similar to a division in that it possesses the capability to engage in operations on one front, it is smaller than a division in scale and has limited capability. (A division in principle consists of 6,000 to 9,000 personnel, whereas a brigade in principle consists of 3,000 to 4,000 personnel.

 

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Rank - Japan Self Defence Force

ARMY

NAVY

AIR FORCE

CHIEF OF STAFF GROUND

CHIEF OF STAFF MARITIME

CHIEF OF STAFF AIR

LIEUTENANT GENERAL

VICE ADMIRAL

LIEUTENANT GENERAL

MAJOR GENERAL

REAR ADMIRAL UPPER HALF

MAJOR GENERAL

COLONEL

CAPTAIN

COLONEL

LIEUTENANT COLONEL

COMMANDER

LIEUTENANT COLONEL

MAJOR

LIEUTENANT COMMANDER

MAJOR

CAPTAIN

LIEUTENANT

CAPTAIN

FIRST LIEUTENANT

LIEUTENANT JUNIOR GRADE

FIRST LIEUTENANT

SECOND LIEUTENANT

ENSIGN

SECOND LIEUTENANT

WARRANT OFFICER

WARRANT OFFICER

WARRANT OFFICER

MAJOR SERGEANT

MASTER CHIEF PETTY OFFICER

CHIEF MASTER SERGEANT

MASTER SERGEANT

SENIOR CHIEF PETTY OFFICER

SENIOR MASTER SERGEANT

SERGEANT FIRST CLASS

CHIEF PETTY  OFFICER

MASTER SERGEANT

STAFF SERGEANT

PETTY OFFICER SECOND CLASS

TECHNICAL SERGEANT

SERGEANT

PETTY OFFICER SECOND CLASS

STAFF SERGEANT

CORPORAL

PETTY OFFICER THIRD CLASS

SERGEANT

PRIVATE FIRST CLASS

SEAMAN

AIRMAN FIRST CLASS

PRIVATE

SEAMAN APPRENTICE

AIRMAN


SSG AMAR REYNOLDS* 5515 NW 15th AVE* FT. LAUDERDALE, FL 33309* 2005